Given that Andrew started the Gremlin theme (the car in the image at the right), I thought it would only be fitting to link to the following amusing blog post: Chris Brown: Choosing R packages for mixed effects modelling based on the car you drive (on the seascape models blog) It’s exactly what it says […]

## Bayesian Posteriors are Calibrated by Definition

Time to get positive. I was asking Andrew whether it’s true that I have the right coverage in Bayesian posterior intervals if I generate the parameters from the prior and the data from the parameters. He replied that yes indeed that is true, and directed me to: Cook, S.R., Gelman, A. and Rubin, D.B. 2006. […]

## Ensemble Methods are Doomed to Fail in High Dimensions

Ensemble methods By ensemble methods, I (Bob, not Andrew) mean approaches that scatter points in parameter space and then make moves by inteprolating or extrapolating among subsets of them. Two prominent examples are: Ter Braak’s differential evolution Goodman and Weare’s walkers There are extensions and computer implementations of these algorithms. For example, the Python […]

## A fistful of Stan case studies: divergences and bias, identifying mixtures, and weakly informative priors

Following on from his talk at StanCon, Michael Betancourt just wrote three Stan case studies, all of which are must reads: Diagnosing Biased Inference with Divergences: This case study discusses the subtleties of accurate Markov chain Monte Carlo estimation and how divergences can be used to identify biased estimation in practice. Identifying Bayesian Mixture […]

## Stan Language Design History

Andrew’s proposal At our last Stan meeting, Andrew proposed allowing priors to be defined for parameters near where they are declared, as in: parameters { real mu; mu ~ normal(0, 1); real sigma; sigma ~ lognormal(0, 1); … I can see the pros and cons. The pro is that it’s easier to line things up […]

## HMMs in Stan? Absolutely!

I was having a conversation with Andrew that went like this yesterday: Andrew: Hey, someone’s giving a talk today on HMMs (that someone was Yang Chen, who was giving a talk based on her JASA paper Analyzing single-molecule protein transportation experiments via hierarchical hidden Markov models). Maybe we should add some specialized discrete modules to […]

## Stan JSS paper out: “Stan: A probabilistic programming language”

As a surprise welcome to 2017, our paper on how the Stan language works along with an overview of how the MCMC and optimization algorithms work hit the stands this week. Bob Carpenter, Andrew Gelman, Matthew D. Hoffman, Daniel Lee, Ben Goodrich, Michael Betancourt, Marcus Brubaker, Jiqiang Guo, Peter Li, and Allen Riddell. 2017. Stan: […]

## Stan 2.14 released for R and Python; fixes bug with sampler

Stan 2.14 is out and it fixes the sampler bug in Stan versions 2.10 through 2.13. Critical update It’s critical to update to Stan 2.14. See: RStan 2.14.1 PyStan 2.14.0.0 CmdStan 2.14.0 The other interfaces will update when you udpate CmdStan. The process After Michael Betancourt diagnosed the bug, it didn’t take long for him […]

## Michael found the bug in Stan’s new sampler

Gotcha! Michael found the bug! That was a lot of effort, during which time he produced ten pages of dense LaTeX to help Daniel and me understand the algorithm enough to help debug (we’re trying to write a bunch of these algorithmic details up for a more general audience, so stay tuned). So what was […]

## Stan 2.10 through Stan 2.13 produce biased samples

[Update: bug found! See the follow-up post, Michael found the bug in Stan’s new sampler] [Update: rolled in info from comments.] After all of our nagging of people to use samplers that produce unbiased samples, we are mortified to have to announce that Stan versions 2.10 through 2.13 produce biased samples. The issue Thanks to […]

## Mathematica, now with Stan

Vincent Picaud developed a Mathematica interface to Stan: MathematicaStan You can find everything you need to get started by following the link above. If you have questions, comments, or suggestions, please let us know through the Stan user’s group or the GitHub issue tracker. MathematicaStan interfaces to Stan through a CmdStan process. Stan programs are […]

## A book on RStan in Japanese: *Bayesian Statistical Modeling Using Stan and R* (Wonderful R, Volume 2)

Wonderful, indeed, to have an RStan book in Japanese: Kentarou Matsuura. 2016. Bayesian Statistical Modeling Using Stan and R. Wonderful R Series, Volume 2. Kyoritsu Shuppan Co., Ltd. Google translate makes the following of the description posted on Amazon Japan (linked from the title above): In recent years, understanding of the phenomenon by fitting a […]

## Stan users group hits 2000 registrations

Of course, there are bound to be duplicate emails, dead emails, and people who picked up Stan, joined the list, and never came back. But still, that’s a lot of people who’ve expressed interest! It’s been an amazing ride that’s only going to get better as we learn more and continue to improve Stan’s speed […]

## Who owns your code and text and who can use it legally? Copyright and licensing basics for open-source

I am not a lawyer (“IANAL” in web-speak); but even if I were, you should take this with a grain of salt (same way you take everything you hear from anyone). If you want the straight dope for U.S. law, see the U.S. government Copyright FAQ; it’s surprisingly clear for government legalese. What is copyrighted? […]

## Free workshop on Stan for pharmacometrics (Paris, 22 September 2016); preceded by (non-free) three day course on Stan for pharmacometrics

So much for one post a day… Workshop: Stan for Pharmacometrics Day If you are interested in a free day of Stan for pharmacometrics in Paris on 22 September 2016, see the registration page: Stan for Pharmacometrics Day (free workshop) Julie Bertrand (statistical pharmacologist from Paris-Diderot and UCL) has finalized the program: When Who What […]

## Stan Course up North (Anchorage, Alaska) 23–24 Aug 2016

Daniel Lee’s heading up to Anchorage, Alaska to teach a two-day Stan course at the Alaska chapter of the American Statistical Association (ASA) meeting in Anchorage. Here’s the rundown: Information and Free Registration I hear Alaska’s beautiful in the summer—16 hour days in August and high temps of 17 degrees celsius. Plus Stan! More Upcoming […]

## Stan 2.11 Good, Stan 2.10 Bad

Stan 2.11 is available for all interfaces We are happy to announce that all of the interfaces have been updated to Stan 2.11. There was a subtle bug introduced in 2.10 where a probabilistic acceptance condition was being checked twice. Sorry about that and thanks for your patience. We’ve added some additional tests to catch […]

## One-day workshop on causal inference (NYC, Sat. 16 July)

James Savage is teaching a one-day workshop on causal inference this coming Saturday (16 July) in New York using RStanArm. Here’s a link to the details: One-day workshop on causal inference Here’s the course outline: How do prices affect sales? What is the uplift from a marketing decision? By how much will studying for an […]

## Reproducible Research with Stan, R, knitr, Docker, and Git (with free GitLab hosting)

Jon Zelner recently developed a neat Docker packaging of Stan, R, and knitr for fully reproducible research. The first in his series of posts (with links to the next parts) is here: * Reproducibility, part 1 The post on making changes online and auto-updating results using GitLab’s continuous integration service is here: * GitLab continuous […]